It is important to know the anatomy of diamonds. Just as the human body, every part of the diamond has a specific name. This knowledge will help to assist you in buying a beautiful diamond as you will be able to understand of what each part contributes to the diamond as a whole.
Facets are the flat planes that form the outer face of a diamond, where each facet is angled, cut and shapes for it to produce a specific light effect.
The facets of a diamond are:
Table- this is the side that sits at the top of the diamond, and serves as the focal entrance and exit point for light. This is the largest facet of the diamond.
Girdle- this is the widest part of a diamond. The diamond’s diameter is measured at its girdle, however the girdles has no effect on the stability of the diamond.
Diameter- this is the measurement of the width of the diamond at its widest point which is the girdle.
Crown- this is the portion of the diamond from the girdle up. Basically a crown is the part of the diamond from the girdle to the top, or table.
Culet- it’s the diamond’s smallest facet and is at the bottom. A properly formed culet will permit light that has entered the diamond to most-0effectively exit through the diamond’s table and re-enter the why, therefore a culet has remarkable effect on the rest of the diamond.
Pavilion- this is the counterpoint of the crown in that it’s the bottom part of the diamond. A pavilion is from the girdle of the diamond to the culet.
Depth- the measured height of the whole diamond is what is known as the diamond’s depth. Assessing from the diamond’s table to its culet, the depth of a diamond assist to set ratios for the rest of the diamond’s cut.